Hardwoods

While they figure prominently in the construction industry, hardwoods also play a major role in a number of other industries including furniture making, fuel, boat building, flooring and the making of musical instruments. Hardwood trees are generally deciduous with broad leaves, a more complex structure and a slower growth pattern. They generally produce a nut and reproduce through flowers. Hardwood trees tend to have growth rings and in northern climates will shed their leaves in the fall and go dormant. As the name suggests, the wood from these trees is harder than softwood trees, although there are some exceptions. While some species of hardwood trees are found in tropical climates, they comprise 40% of all the trees in North America.

Hamilton Building Supply stocks various hardwood lumber species and sizes in both pre-sanded and rough boards. Both sanded boards and rough boards can be milled in our Custom Millwork Shop to your specification, allowing for a full range of creativity in your custom carpentry and enabling you to use the hardwood lumber species of your choice.

Birch
Birch
 

BIRCH

One of the most widely-used woods for veneer and plywood worldwide, birch veneer is also used for doors, furniture and paneling.

 
Hardwoods - Birch
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
Birch
4/4 Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specifications. Please click here to access information regarding
maximum allowable planed or finished sizes

 
Cherry
Cherry
 

Cherry

As it ages, Black Cherry develops the rich reddish-brown patina that is frequently imitated with wood stains on other hardwoods. Sweet Cherry is the Old World counterpart to the Black Cherry found in North America, and although it is judged to be slightly denser and stronger, Sweet Cherry trees tend to be smaller in size and do not produce the larger sizes of lumber found in the American Black Cherry species.

 
Hardwoods - Cherry
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
Cherry
4/4
5/4 Stocked in the rough - Requires planing to your specifications.
8/4 Please click here to access information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes.
Cherry / Kiln-Dried S4S STOCKED BOARD LENGTHS
1" x 6"
1" x 8"
1" x 12"
5/4 x 6
5/4 x 8

 
Maple
Maple
 

MAPLE

Hard Maple is usually referred to as Sugar Maple, and this is the tree most often tapped for maple syrup. The 5 or 7 lobe structure of the Sugar Maple leaf is the shape most commonly associated with maple leaves, and Sugar Maple trees provide the brilliant yellows to purplish reds that create our brilliant autumn landscapes.

The wood of the Hard (Sugar) Maple is stronger, stiffer, harder, and denser than all of the other species of Maple commercially available in lumber form. The sapwood of Hard Maple lumber is the wood most commonly used, rather than its heartwood. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white to true white to an off-white creamy color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. In contrast, the heartwood of the Hard Maple tends to be a darker, reddish brown. Hard Maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns.

 
Maple-2015
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
Oak - S4S STOCKED BOARD LENGTHS
1" x 4"
1" x 6"
1" x 8"
1" x 10"
1" x 12"
5/4 x 4
5/4 x 6 Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specificiations
5/4 x 8 Please click here for information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes.

 
White Oak
White Oak
 

WHITE OAK

The heartwood of the oak tree is light to medium brown and will commonly display an olive cast. Nearly white to light brown sapwood is not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. Quarter sawn sections will display a prominent ray fleck pattern. While Red Oak heartwood tends to be slightly redder, such color distinction does not serve as a reliable means of determining the specific type of oak tree.

 
Hardwoods - White Oak
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
Oak - S4S STOCKED BOARD LENGTHS
1" x 4"
1" x 6"
1" x 8"
1" x 10"
1" x 12"
5/4 x 4
5/4 x 6 Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specificiations
5/4 x 8 Please click here for information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes.
Oak Tread
5/4 x 12 Available in 36", 48" and 72" - Call for more information

 
Red Oak
Red Oak
 

Red Oak

This is perhaps the most popular hardwood in the United States and even many vinyl and imitation hardwood surfaces are printed to look like Red Oak. Hard, strong and moderately priced, Red Oak is an exceptional value to woodworkers, which explains why it is so widely used in cabinet and furniture making. The heartwood is light to medium brown and commonly displays a reddish cast.

 
Hardwoods - Red Oak
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
Red Oak - S4S STOCKED BOARD LENGTHS
1" x 4"
1" x 6"
1" x 8"
1" x 10"
1" x 12"
5/4 x 4
5/4 x 6 Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specifications.
5/4 x 8 Please click here to access information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes.
5/4 x 12
8/4

 
Poplar
Poplar
 

Poplar

Poplar is one of the most common utility hardwoods in the United States. Because its leaves look similar to the tulip flower, it is sometimes referred to as Tulip Poplar. The heartwood of the poplar tree ranges in color from light cream to yellowish brown, with occasional streaks of gray or green. Its sapwood is pale yellow to white and is not always clearly demarcated from the heartwood. Can also be seen in mineral stained colors ranging from dark purple to red, green or yellow (sometimes called Rainbow Poplar). Colors tend to darken upon exposure to light.

 
Hardwoods - Poplar
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16'
Poplar - S4S STOCKED BOARD LENGTHS
1/2" x 4"
1/2" x 6"
1/2" x 8"
1" x 4"
1" x 6"
1" x 8"
1" x 10"
Poplar - S2S R2E
5/4" x 4" Available by lineal foot
5/4" x 6"
5/4" x 8"
5/4" x 10"
5/4" x 12"
6/4" x 10" Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specifications.
8/4" x 10" Please click here to access information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes.

 
Sapele
Sapele
 

SAPELE

The heartwood is medium to dark reddish brown or purplish brown in color and it tends to darken with age. Besides the common ribbon pattern seen on quarter sawn boards, Sapele is also known for such other grain patterns as pommele, quilted, mottled, wavy, beeswing and fiddleback.

 
Hardwoods - Sapele
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16' 17'
Sapele Kiln-Dried
Quarter Sawn S4S
STOCKED BOARD LENGTHS
1" x 6"
1" x 8"
1" x 12"
5/4 x 6
5/4 x 8
4/4
6/4
Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specifications.
8/4 Please click here to access information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes

 
Mahogany
Mahogany
 
 
Size 6' 8' 10' 12' 14' 16' 17'
Mahogany
4/4
5/4 Stocked in the rough. Requires planing to your specifications.
8/4 Please click here to access information regarding maximum allowable planed or finished sizes.